Resource endowment. Resource endowment is an influencing factor that directly affects t...

resource endowment for countries of which data was availa

Natural resource endowment. The pattern of the impact of natural resources endowment on FDI is an interesting one, especially in the case of Africa where the dominant view in the literature is that the Continent has been mostly attractive to resource-seeking FDI (Dunning and Lundan, 2008; UNCTAD, 2005). The argument is …Resource endowment is positively related to sustainable growth for non-state-owned renewable energy enterprises, but the negative impact on sustainable growth reflects the effect the of “resource curse”. In addition, resource endowment has a negative moderating effect on environmental regulations and sustainable growth. Thus, the most …In the early stages, the negative (opportunity cost) effect of resources endowment dominates, yet it tends to reverse in the advanced stages, where the positive effect of resources becomes ...Downloadable! Indepth research on the impact of energy endowment on provincial green development provides a new perspective for achieving high-quality provincial economic development. Based on 30 provinces’ panel data in China from 2009 to 2020, this study first constructs an index system to analyze energy endowment and provincial green …Resource endowment and energy transition at the national level showed a significant positive correlation, indicating that fossil resource endowment has an inhibitory effect on regional energy transition, which verifies Hypothesis 1. This conclusion is the same as that of Bai et al. [62]. The reason is that the proportion of fossil energy is ...The coefficient of resource endowment is positive and significant at the 1% level, indicating that resource endowment has a positive effect on carbon emission intensity. For every 1 percentage point increase in resource endowment, carbon emission intensity increases by 0.039 percentage points.The innovative resources in China, particularly given the diversity of regional economic development and natural resource endowment, which reduce the efficiency of innovation, exhibit varying degrees of spatial mismatch (Jin et al., 2019). Clarifying the status quo of regional innovation resource mismatch and how this mismatch affects the ...order to bring resource endowments of nations to the center stage as the determining factor for mutually gainful trade. With this device, free trade theory moved away from the skill- or technology-based interpretations of the Ricardian comparative cost doctrine to an endowment-based explanation for nations having similar access to technology.Key words: Resource endowment, Export Diversification, Specialisation, Growth, Nigeria 1. Introduction Among economists, the issue of natural resource endowment has led to on that the existence of natural resources is needed for the development of a nation.Apr 26, 2012 · Natural resource endowment. The pattern of the impact of natural resources endowment on FDI is an interesting one, especially in the case of Africa where the dominant view in the literature is that the Continent has been mostly attractive to resource-seeking FDI (Dunning and Lundan, 2008; UNCTAD, 2005). The argument is that based on their ... Taxes, Natural Resource Endowment, and the Supply of Labor: New Evidence: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1207-4.ch036: We use the work-leisure choice model to compute ...Resource curse theory suggests that regions rich in natural resource endowments accumulate adverse economic competitive, but few studies have focused on causes and mechanisms of cultural resource ...Thus we argue that natural resource endowments are not in practical terms fixed factors of production, but rather are determined by policy- amenable characteristics of the political economy (David and Wright 1997). The case we examine here is petroleum. To be sure, the outer bound for a country’s oil production potential is given by fixed (in non- geologic …Interestingly, farming resource endowments had a significant indirect impact on the agricultural FEW nexus through agricultural livelihood diversification and agricultural production inputs, with path coefficients of 0.032 and 0.058. respectively. This indicated that farming resource endowments shaped the agricultural FEW nexus …The development of sound institutions to access and equitably distribute these resources, however, is necessary in order for a country to obtain the greatest ...National resource endowments, economic structure and energy mix are key determinants of sustainability challenges for any country. MultiUn. Irrespective of resource endowments, manufacturing is the preferred area of specialization to engage in. MultiUn. However, these FDI flows are highly skewed towards natural resource-endowed countries in the group. …Green Bay, Wisconsin is a vibrant city with plenty of resources available to its residents and visitors. From outdoor activities to cultural attractions, there is something for everyone in Green Bay.In contrast, as in Fig. 1 b and c, a more positive regression slope for Natural Resource Endowment at low level both of Economic Freedom and Institutional Distance suggest that the link between Natural Resource Endowment and FDI is stronger at low levels both of Economic Freedom and Institutional Distance. Together, these results …The Resource Endowment of North-East India . 194 8.1 Introduction Humankind s existence on earth has always depended upon environment and envi-ronmental resources, with varied climate, vegetation, animal life, soils and miner-als. Environment in a speci c area could be harsh and restrictive or generous, toAB 482 (Atkins) (PDF) | (HTML) signed by Governor Jerry Brown in 2013, transferred the CCHE to the California Natural Resources Agency (Resources) and ...Resource endowment. Technological innovation efficiency. 1. Introduction. As the largest energy consumer, China mainly depends on fossil energy. Especially, coal …13 feb 2023 ... AID-OAA-L-14-. 00006, Kansas State University), the French Agricultural Research Centre for International. Development (CIRAD), and the ...The traditional thinking on the relationship between resource endowment and overall economic development was that of a positive correlation. For instance, Ginsburg (Higgins, 1968) argued that resource endowment is a major advantage for any country embarking on rapid economic growth. Similar opinions were Resource endowment determines a region’s comparative advantage. China is the first developing country , and its economic development is constrained by resource endowment.Sep 12, 2023 · Factor endowments are the mix of resources a country has for economic activity, such as land, minerals, labor, and capital. The theory of comparative advantage states that a country can reap... resources are depleted, adjustment costs can be significant (Magud and Sosa, 2010). Recently, studies have added another dimension to the “resources curse” by exploring links between natural resource endowments and domestic revenue mobilization. Some scholars have argued that resource-rich governments have lessDue to its natural resource endowment, Shanxi takes coal mining and processing, coke mining and processing, metallurgy and power production as its main industries. These industries not only rely on resources, cause serious pollution, but also consume more energy, resulting in the inefficiency of its energy input and undesirable …Nurudeen Akinyemi. Reviews the book Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa: The Tragedy of Endowment, by Abiodun Alao. Published by University of Rochester Press, 2007. Louis-Marie Philippot. In ...Understanding & Promoting Your Resource Endowment Historically, States have established geological surveys to understand their natural resource potential and to monitor hazards. Over time, Surveys naturally adopted functions, such as mapping resource endowments and mining reserves, to provide information for and to promote mining sector investment.Apr 11, 2022 · Resource endowment is positively related to sustainable growth for non-state-owned renewable energy enterprises, but the negative impact on sustainable growth reflects the effect the of “resource curse”. In addition, resource endowment has a negative moderating effect on environmental regulations and sustainable growth. world’s energy resource endowment is essential for any long-term energy assessment. Energy resources exist in different forms— some exist as stocks and so are exhaustible, others exist as flows and are inexhaustible, and a third form is based on exhaustible stocks that can be leveraged to resemble renewables. Most important, energy resourcesA mining sector that optimises and husbands Zimbabwe’s finite mineral resource endowments and that is diversified, incorporating both high value metals and lower value industrial minerals at both commercial and small-scale levels; and A mining sector that is a major player in vibrant and competitive national, continental and international capital and …world’s energy resource endowment is essential for any long-term energy assessment. Energy resources exist in different forms— some exist as stocks and so are exhaustible, others exist as flows and are inexhaustible, and a third form is based on exhaustible stocks that can be leveraged to resemble renewables. Most important, energy resourcesMar 1, 2023 · The structure of the resource endowment generally determines the course of development of a particular economy. For instance, compared to countries that depend significantly on the agrarian, services, and industrial sectors, countries that primarily rely on minerals, gas, and oil adopt a fundamentally distinct growth model ( Loayza and Raddatz ... Jul 3, 2023 · Based on panel data of resource-based and non-resource-based cities in China from 2011 to 2021, we empirically investigate the effects of environmental decentralization and resource endowment on urban industrial transformation and upgrading using a fixed-effects model and a threshold model. It is found that environmental decentralization promotes industrial transformation and upgrading in both ... useful when estimating resource endowment. Hypothetical resources. Undiscovered materials that may reasonably be expected to exist in known mining districts under known geologic conditions. Speculative resources. Undiscovered materials that may occur in known types of deposits in geologic settings where no previous discoveries have been13 feb 2023 ... AID-OAA-L-14-. 00006, Kansas State University), the French Agricultural Research Centre for International. Development (CIRAD), and the ...Researchers must look beyond resource endowment and consider many additional factors when evaluating dysfunction in government, economy, and society. For more information, see the companion “Tip ...The conflict may originate from within the region or engineered by outsiders. Hence, some studies have associated armed conflicts with resource endowment in several countries including MENA countries (see for a review of literature in this regard). Thus, the governments of the countries in the region may increase their military spending to ...Understanding & Promoting Your Resource Endowment Historically, States have established geological surveys to understand their natural resource potential and to monitor hazards. Over time, Surveys naturally adopted functions, such as mapping resource endowments and mining reserves, to provide information for and to promote mining sector investment.These articles draw on a September 2022 online survey of 1,000 California-based Asian Americans conducted by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in partnership with the data and analytics firm YouGov. The sample includes respondents from twenty-one Asian ethnic origin groups but excludes Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders.In terms of research mechanism, some scholars believe that abundant natural resources have led to a reduction in the quality of the institution, but if so, how to explain the situation in North Korea and South Korea, North Korea and South Korea have great similarities in natural resource endowments.More poignantly, natural resource endowment, which should have naturally enabled African countries to sustainably manage (service) their external borrowing, have instead been amply shown to be a major source of run-away indebtedness and economic retardation (Senhadji, 1997; Collier and Goderis, 2007; Muhanji and Ojah, 2011b, amongorder to bring resource endowments of nations to the center stage as the determining factor for mutually gainful trade. With this device, free trade theory moved away from the skill- or technology-based interpretations of the Ricardian comparative cost doctrine to an endowment-based explanation for nations having similar access to technology.resource endowment, and yet they seem to have escaped the natural resource curse. Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and, more recently, Vietnam succeeded in taking advantage of their natural resources as a blessing to further their economic development. Laos has vast water resources coming from the Mekong River running through it, and large hydro …The pure theory of international trade, in its most elementary form, is predicated on differences in resource endowments between different countries. It has been argued, most notably by the Swedish economist Bertil Ohlin, that the existence of such inter-country differences in resource endowments explain the comparative cost differences …Water resource endowment includes 2 aspects: water quantity and water supply. Water resource matching contains 3 aspects: production space water resource matching, living space water resource matching and ecological space water resource matching. In the third step, an indicator system for assessing WRSE will be established …In the upstream region, due to resource endowment, underdeveloped economic development, relatively backward technology, and small fluctuations in high-quality development efficiency . 3.2. Results and Analysis of Panel Model Regression. In the panel model, the LLC and Fisher-ADF tests were first used to test the stationarity of the …RAHMAN SAZIDUR, RAHMAN MIZANUR (2008) “Impact of land fragmentation and resource ownership on productivity and efficiency: the case of rice producers in Bangladesh.” Land Use Policy 26, 1: 95–03.China has been facing serious water scarcity, and improving the supply and utilization of water resources from the perspective of resource endowment, economic development and water infrastructure is of great significance toward sustainable water development. In this work, two index systems for evaluating the water supply capacity (WSC) and the water infrastructure construction level (WICL ...resource endowment for countries of which data was available. Combining these data gives a panel database of factor endowments at the country level, spanning close to 100 countries over three decades (our balanced panel covers 92 countries from 1971 to 2003).문장에서 resource endowment 예문, 쓰임새. 20 용례: Furthermore, our resource endowment data are rather crude and often subject to…People's Resource Center is a vital organization making a difference in the lives of thousands of neighbors in DuPage County since 1975. A strong endowment ...Research on the impact of natural resource endowment on GEGE. At the end of the 20th century, scholars found a negative correlation between natural resource endowment and GEGE, and economic growth in resource-abundant regions was found to be far behind that in resource-poor regions (Xu and Han, 2005; Hu and Xiao, 2007; Shao and Qi, 2008). One ...The three different measures of resource endowment are collinear, as higher average resource quality makes for larger volumes of high quality resources. This could result in explanatory power from one of the measures being drawn away by the inclusion of another measure [49], [50]. Separate regressions, one for each measure of resource …The traditional thinking on the relationship between resource endowment and overall economic development was that of a positive correlation. For instance, Ginsburg (Higgins, 1968) argued that resource endowment is a major advantage for any country embarking on rapid economic growth. Similar opinions were “The Resource Endowment Index reveals that Kansas City has a highly favorable endowment of the basic building blocks of economic prosperity.” • The percentage of …Resource endowment is negatively correlated with energy efficiency at the 1% significance level in both the FE and RE models. The cross-product term of one-period lagged environmental investment and resource endowment is positively correlated with energy efficiency at the 1% significance level in both the FE and RE models.The results also indicate that natural resource endowments measured by natural resource rent as a percentage of GDP have an overall positive and significant independent impact on economic growth in the region. The estimated coefficient suggests that a unit increase in natural resource rent could spur an approximately 0.1 unit …resource endowment inhibits the green development of cities and that the resource curse is observed in the Yellow River Basin. The industrial structure advancement significantly promotes the greenCurrent Chinese enterprises’ practice and theoretical research shows that it is a relatively complicated process for digital development to promote resource-based enterprises to achieve green …These articles draw on a September 2022 online survey of 1,000 California-based Asian Americans conducted by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in partnership with the data and analytics firm YouGov. The sample includes respondents from twenty-one Asian ethnic origin groups but excludes Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders.Water resources is the basic strategic resource. It is of great significance to conduct research on water resources of countries along the Belt and Road for ...The structure of the resource endowment generally determines the course of development of a particular economy. For instance, compared to countries that depend significantly on the agrarian, services, and industrial sectors, countries that primarily rely on minerals, gas, and oil adopt a fundamentally distinct growth model (Loayza and Raddatz, …Resource endowment. Technological innovation efficiency. 1. Introduction. As the largest energy consumer, China mainly depends on fossil energy. Especially, coal …The Resource Endowment of North-East India . 194 8.1 Introduction Humankind s existence on earth has always depended upon environment and envi-ronmental resources, with varied climate, vegetation, animal life, soils and miner-als. Environment in a speci c area could be harsh and restrictive or generous, toThe value of Harvard's endowment fell for the second consecutive year, despite delivering a 2.9 percent return for fiscal year 2023, as distributions to school operations outpaced investment ...Jan 20, 2022 · Resource endowment may have a nonlinear effect on green economic growth. Hypothesis 2. Resource endowment has a “curse” effect on green growth. Hypothesis 3..The effects of resource endowment on the green economic growth of different types of resource-based cities are heterogeneous.Endogenous economic growth theory holds that technological ... 22 ago 2011 ... This study aims at investigating the nexus between natural resource endowment and economic growth using a sample of West African countries.Fourth, regarding political resources endowment and the relevant issues, parts of relevant scholars thought that there was a certain positive correlation between political resources and economic growth, and they also found that regional political resources would promote its economic growth to a certain extent (Bo, 1998; Zhang et …The structure of the resource endowment generally determines the course of development of a particular economy. For instance, compared to countries that depend significantly on the agrarian, services, and industrial sectors, countries that primarily rely on minerals, gas, and oil adopt a fundamentally distinct growth model (Loayza and Raddatz, …resource endowment and environment. The declining trend of the growth rate is indeed a positive indicator of the efforts of birth control. Despite that, the total additions to the population base continue to grow, and India ActivityActivityActivity Study the Figure 6.3 and compare it with Figure 2.4 and Figure 4.7. Do you find anyMar 1, 2023 · The structure of the resource endowment generally determines the course of development of a particular economy. For instance, compared to countries that depend significantly on the agrarian, services, and industrial sectors, countries that primarily rely on minerals, gas, and oil adopt a fundamentally distinct growth model ( Loayza and Raddatz ... Understanding & Promoting Your Resource Endowment Historically, States have established geological surveys to understand their natural resource potential and to monitor hazards. Over time, Surveys naturally adopted functions, such as mapping resource endowments and mining reserves, to provide information for and to promote mining sector investment.Understanding & Promoting Your Resource Endowment Historically, States have established geological surveys to understand their natural resource potential and to monitor hazards. Over time, Surveys naturally adopted functions, such as mapping resource endowments and mining reserves, to provide information for and to promote mining sector investment.Most of the literature on natural resource endowments has focused on economic growth. Much less is known regarding the relationship between natural resources endowment and population health. Population health is influenced both directly and indirectly through activities associated with resource extraction .In Russia, “natural resource endowments vary greatly across regions, so that resource-poor regions would find it hard to sustain themselves on natural resource revenues” (Benoit Bosquet 2002). For non-renewable natural resources, resource revenues could in part be used for compensating for the negative externalities suffered …Natural resource endowments are important sources of national wealth which enhances countries’ potentials for economic growth around the world. Yet, the vast availability of these rich endowments through a number of empirical studies, have shown that they are neither necessary nor sufficient for economic prosperity.Resource-rich African countries are often saddled with high external indebtedness. Yet, their management of resource endowment, a logical source of debt repayment, also remains a challenge, alongside their characteristic weak institutions.We investigate the relationship between external indebtedness and welfare whilst …... resources. You should design a project that facilitates sharing, exchange, and ... National Endowment for the Humanities. 400 7th Street, SW Washington, DC ...Abstract. Land, water, forests and minerals are the concrete non-human resources of the region, of which forests are discussed in an independent chapter. Of the total area of North-East India, over 63 % is mountainous, another 8 % exists as plateau and only 29 % of the region’s area can be classified as plains, suitable for cultivation or ...Resource endowment Institutional quality Rent-seeking Economic growth Resource curse Download chapter PDF 1 Introduction What is the significance of abundant natural resources to the economic development of a country? Ascher ( 1999) highlights that abundant natural resources are potentially useful for developing a country's economy.Natural resource endowment offer great opportunities for achieving high levels of growth and development if properly managed. However, in the case of African countries, it is not clear whether resource-rich countries have been able to take full advantage of their potential wealth to promote development. In fact it appears that they have often been …resources can also assist in the massive public provision of tuition-free schooling. With natural resources helping to boost human capital endowments of the society generally, industrialization, which requires people with some elementary and intermediate schooling, should be well ahead in resource-endowed countries relative to resource-poor ones.Resource endowment or factor of resources endowment means how many and how much a country has a resource on its hand to be used for manufacturing purposes such as land, money, and labor. Usually ...With the domination of foreign multinationals in mind, the link between natural resource endowment and poor economic performance of many African countries is …Natural resource endowments (i.e. land, oil, gas and minerals) can serve as potent drivers of development. For better or worse energy, transport, mineral and land markets in India are shaped by national interest and do not behave as traditional goods markets, especially because of the lack of well-defined property rights. Therefore while markets are an …This situation inspires us to take into account local resource endowments and adapt measures to local conditions when formulating policies to promote renewable energy development. Figure 2 shows the average meta-efficiency scores of hydropower and thermal power generation in the eastern, central, and western regions in 2013 and 2017. …After considering resource endowment, technical requirements, and economic efficiency, a flexible thermal power transformation has been implemented to increase the peak-shaving capacity of China's power grid system. As a result, by May 2019, a total of 50,780 MW from coal-fired power plants in the “three-north regions” were …Also resource endowments give value to say of the countries on world scale. e.g. China which accounts for more than 80% of the rare earth metals is asserts its say whenever needs to. South east Asian nations are the major rice and fish exporters, especially Vietnam is major exporter of Palm oil in the world. Hence, resource …Mineral resource endowment can be ascertained as a resource curse if potential is not governed efficiently. Being the country’s economic hub, Punjab can be developed as a resource utilization center of the country. This policy paper aims to provide a complete set of solutions for transforming the mineral resource endowments of Punjab into economic …Current Chinese enterprises’ practice and theoretical research shows that it is a relatively complicated process for digital development to promote resource-based enterprises to achieve green …. Resource endowment is the original driving force of the euseful when estimating resource endowment. Hypothe Jan 1, 2023 · The development of digitalization in regions with high and low resource endowments both significantly promote the local GEG in terms of the direct effects (Table 12). Similarly, in terms of the indirect effects, only regions with high resource endowments demonstrate significant regional spillovers. The notable reasons behind this can be as follows. Resource endowment, as a moderator, is also under investiga Billionaire Ronald Lauder, a powerful financial backer of the University of Pennsylvania, is threatening to cut off donations if the school doesn't do more to fight antisemitism, CNN has learned. An endowment is a structure used by large non-profit organ...

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